The planet’s dryness is the most frightening situation nowadays. How we should treat our planet and how can we slow down the global warming to be even more serious?
It might look like that there’s still an adequate supply of water, as 71 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered by water. Why, then, the water-saving frequently resonates in the society? Answers include the growing population, global warming, rising droughts but also within following facts all of which we should take into consideration before it’s too late to act.
Early in 2019, Geological Survey of India has raised public attention publishing new important facts about water.
The information revealed the following:
⦁The oceans contain up to 96.5% of all Earth’s water. Water also subsists in rivers and lakes, ice, water vapour as well.
⦁Only 2.5% of all Earth’s water is freshwater. However, it is not to be misunderstood that all the freshwater is accessible to us and can be utilised as drinking water.
⦁68.7% of the total freshwater percentage is locked up by glaciers and the rest of 30.1% is held as groundwater.
⦁ As follows from the above, only 1.2% is surface water and other (drinking) freshwater.
Now it is obvious, there are limited drinking water sources and as a result of global warming, these sources will be additionally reduced. We must realise that water is not an infinite source and that’ how we must approach it.
How do developed countries use drinking water?
Friends of the earth (FOE) showed a perfect example of how we waste drinking water. In its article, FOE calculated the amount of drinking water usage by a typical person.
Having a shower, preparing dinner and flooding the toilet, every person consumes an average of 150 litres a day. And there is more!
Taking into account all the water required to create all the food and products we use, we actually get through surprising 4,645 litres every day. And this is really alarming.
Israel takes water shortage seriously and puts significant focus on wastewater treatment
Last year, a Deputy of the Czech Republic has addressed the water treatment issues in his paper warning about the difficulties that will be faced by the people of Europe. According to him, we should follow the Israel government’s path. The government implemented several actions against great droughts tormenting Israel. One of the main steps taken by the government programme was to significantly increase of wastewater use.
As a result, Israel is able to use 75% of wastewater, the highest proportion of wastewater of all countries in the world. In the following years, Israel expects to increase this percentage up to 90%.
Start with yourself!
Government water protection measures are essential, yet, if we want to save Earth’s drinkable water, we must change our approach to water management. We must start with ourselves.
But how can help the world to save water? Below we have mentioned a few do’s and don’ts to save water and reduce your water and sewer rates:
1. Go for a shower rather than a tub bath. A quick shower can be done with only 30 to 50 litres of water, a tub bath, however, 150 to 180 litres.
2. Get a new showerhead. Water-saving shower faucet can save up to 45% of water.
3. Use water-saving (lever) faucets. Compared to regular two-handle taps, these taps can save up to 60 % of water.
4. Stop washing clothes by hand. It’s more easygoing, more time-saving and unlike washing-up by hand, you can conserve up to 78% of water.
5. If possible, establish a well and water your garden using service water, not drinking water.
6. Install a dual-flush toilet(s). Old toilet flushes drain 12 litres into the sewerage. Modern toilets, however, spend only 3 litres (small button) and 6 litres (big button) of water.
7. Do not waste warm water serving for cold water to start running. Collect the water in a glass or bottle and put it in your fridge to cool.
8. Fix all broken taps. Leaky taps can waste up to 20,000 litres a year and which is surprizing.